Vestibular migraine

Vestibular migraine is a type of migraine that affects balance function and spatial orientation. Individuals with vestibular migraine may experience symptoms such as vertigo (a sensation of spinning or motion when at rest), dizziness, imbalance, nausea, and sensitivity to light or sound. They may or may not have typical migraine symptoms like headache, nausea, and sensitivity to light and sound.

The exact cause of vestibular migraine is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve abnormal activation or dysfunction of the vestibular system in response to migraine triggers. These triggers include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, sleep disturbances, weather changes, and more.

Diagnosis of vestibular migraine is typically based on clinical symptoms and medical history, although additional tests such as vestibular function tests or imaging studies may be conducted to rule out other possible causes of symptoms.

Treatment for vestibular migraine often involves a combination of lifestyle modifications, dietary changes, medications to manage migraine symptoms and prevent attacks, and vestibular rehabilitation therapy to improve balance and reduce symptoms of dizziness and vertigo. Additionally, identifying and avoiding triggers can help to reduce the frequency and severity of vestibular migraine episodes.

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